On Wed, 15 Mar 2017, Noel Chiappa via cctalk wrote:
It's also, I think, a big part of the causality
for another Apple
characteristic: their push for closed systems. The thing is that Steve wanted
to make the user experience as good as possible (another hallmark of Apple
stuff) - and when the 'system' includes pieces being independently sourced
from multiple entities, it's hard to make that happen - there will be
glitches, etc. So that's why he usually wanted to bring the entire thing
inside the Apple envelope.
A closed system (aka "monopoly") has significant characteristics.
1) lack of difficulty integrating "other" peripheral stuff, through
greater quality control, and INABILITY to add "other" peripheral stuff.
Examples: a) MFM V RLL V ESDI V SCSI hard disks - much more struggle for
users than "here is THE drive. Buy it. It JUST works."
(Q: which meaning of "just" is that? simply? or barely?)
b) specific example: Sunshine EPROM programmer (ISA almost free)
specific example: ECC memory board (I don't think that Apple was even
2) MAJOR hurdles to development of an after-market industry.
I've heard that Jobs was displeased when he was shown the numbers of what
percentage of Apple2 disk drives were being purchased from vendors other
Woz ENCOURAGED an after-market ("open" system)
Jobs sought to eliminate or at least rein it in.
A closed system tends to be more profitable to the controller of it, but
can be presented to the public as a means of quality control.
Check out the "right to repair" link that Chuck gave us!
"Replacing a bad screen on an iPhone must be prevented, because it is TOO
DANGEROUS, and a consumer could cut a finger on the broken glass!"
I think that's not accurate; Linux may not have a
large user base among
non-technical people in the laptop area, but it does show that there are other
alternatives. And when it gets to smart-phones, of course, things which are
neither Apple nor uSloth are the majority there, no?
On computers, the OS is predominantly Windoze and Apple, with Linux and
Chrome as less common, but present alternatives.
on Phones, the OS is predominantly Android and Apple.
How successful will Microsoft's tablet OS be?
Below the user interface, is Android very similar to Linux?
What the Apple
folks saw and what was implemented for Lisa and then
Macintosh were vastly different.
I don't agree with the "vastly".
(Having said that, I salute the Lisa/Mac
people for doing a very good job of producing a excellent user interface.)
"copied from" V "based on" V "inspired by"?
Apple didn't "steal" it; the PARC researchers encouraged them to go with
Apple was not that open when it was their turn to be copied from, when
DRI produced GEM, or MICROS~1 produced Windoze 2.
(There was a conflict, that keeps recurring in this industry! Apple had
agreed to let MICROS~1 use certain stuff in Windoze; but then felt that
Windoze 2 was a different product (citing "ALL NEW!" marketing) that
wasn't included in the agreement.
But, that is not the only time. Seattle Computer Products was
"grandfathered" royalty free unlimited license to MS-DOS. When SCP was
on the rocks and considering selling out to AT&T, etc. ("assets include
unlimited license to MS-DOS"), MICROS~1 took the stance that that would
not apply to anything but Verion 1. In an uncharacteristically
reasonable move, MICROS~1 bought SCP, keeping it off the market without a
Err, some of us don't see that as an 'improvement'...
some point to "cognitive delay"
some point to simpler instructions in documentation
I loved the Logitech 3 button mouse.
For a while, I even velcro'ed the PCJr keyboard on top of its mouse!
> If you sit someone who knows how to use a Mac in
front of a circa-1979
> Xerox Alto, they'll be pretty mystified.
"Use the mouse."
"Hello, computer" (into mouse)
Yeah, but that's in good part because the Alto
user interface is such a dog's
breakfast - Draw is nothing like Bravo is nothing like etc, etc. But, like I
said, that was inevitable, given the process that produced the Alto.
early attempt/prototype/proof of concept V later evolved/refined product
I only played with a Lisa once. My cousin, David Ungar, was working on
Smalltalk, and had a pre-release one in his office in Evans Hall. I bet
him that they could not find ANY of their floppies that did not yet have a
thumbprint on the media. When he put on gloves to open a fresh box, did
I tried to make an extra floppy for it, but 300 Oersted ("360K") did not
"'Maserati of the mind'? Yeah. Fantastic toy! I want one! But
way too expensive for me, and unusable for my rush-hour commute with no
place to put a sack of groceries or a bunch of computers."
Grumpy Ol' Fred cisin at xenosoft.com