Display-less computing was Re: TOP POSTING

Mike tulsamike3434 at gmail.com
Mon Dec 14 13:46:14 CST 2015

On Dec 13, 2015, at 1:20 PM, Fred Cisin <cisin at xenosoft.com> wrote:

>> > So did you have to learn how to read the punch hole cards also or did
>> > the punch hole cards go into the computer and than printed out the
>> > data on the fan fold paper also was it in code or just plane English?
>> You COULD read the holes, if you really HAD to.  Keypunches printed
>> the alphanumeric form on the top edge of the cards.  if you punched a
>> deck of cards on the CPU's card punch, there was no printing.  If it
>> was an "object deck" ie. binary code, you would never "interpret" the
>> deck.  But, if it had something that might be human readable, there
>> was a machine called an interpreter, and it would type the symbols on
>> the top of the card for you.
> At
> https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Punched_card#/media/File:Blue-punch-card-front-horiz.png
> is a picture of a card.  It was punched with a printing punch, or run through a 029 series interpreter punch, NOT with an INTERPRETER, which didn't line up what it printed with the columns (too large a font to do so), and couldn't interpret and run COBOL anyway.
> Notice the punches used for the numbers.
> The rows above '0' were called 'Y' and 'X'
> Now look at the punches used for 'A' and 'B', and the relationship between them.
> Now look at 'K', and compare it with 'J', 'L', and 'B'
> Now look at 'T', and compare it with 'S', 'U', 'B', and 'K'
> Letters and numbers were a simple easy to learn pattern.  I never fully learned the patterns for punctuation characters, and had to often look them up.
> The diagonally cut corner was not always on the left (incompletely standardized)
> There was another special purpose punch, called a "VERIFIER".
> You loaded it up with cards that were already punched, and proceeded to type from the same coding sheet.  If the whole card matched, then it put a little notch in the 80 end of the card, to show that its content was confirmed, or "VERIFIED".  If the content didn't match, then the VERIFIER put a notch in the top edge of the card above the column that didn't match.
> Sometimes service bureaus that were hired to keypunch would verify whole boxes of blank cards.  Then they could give their client decks of "VERIFIED" cards, without having to actually rekey the content.  Yes, we did run into them.
> Hanging Chad was a miscarriage of justice.
> Bury me face down, 9 edge first.
> --
> Grumpy Ol' Fred             cisin at xenosoft.com

It almost seems like it was a lot more physical  not mental to run computers back in the day. 

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